29 States of India has unique animals with common and scientific name, some of the animals and birds are fall in the category of endangered and vulnerable. Here is the ultimate list of state wise animals and birds of India, Also Guwahati has the Gangetic Dolphin as its city Mascot and Chandigarh has used a mongooose as its city Mascot.
Andhra Pradesh – Indian Roller and Blackbuck
Indian Roller is very commonly seen bird found along roadside trees and wires across India. Largest populations of the species are found within India and several states have chosen it as their state bird.
Assam – White winged Wood Duck and One Horned Rhinocerous
Arunachal Pradesh – Great Hornbill and Gayal
Bihar – Ox and House Sparrow
As per the wikipedia, current symbols of Bihar state are Ox,Sparrow,Peepal and Kachnar but in future Gangetic Dolphin will be the state animal of Bihar and the Neelkanth of Indian Roller will be the state bird.
Chattisgarh – Hill Myna and Wild Buffalo
Goa – Gaur and Black Crested Bulbul
Indian Bison or the Gaur is a large bovine, biggest populations are found today only in India. Indian bison is the largest species of wild cattle found in world,bigger than the extinct aurochs, and wild water buffalo.
Gujarat – Greater Flamingo and Indian Lion
Haryana – Blackbuck and Black Frankolin
Himachal Pradesh – Western Tragopan and Snow Leopard
Snow Leopard is one of the species from five big cat family native to the Indian mountain ranges of Himalayas. Great Himalayan National Parkof Himachal Pradesh is one of the best place to Snow Leopard in India.
Jammu Kashmir – Hangul and Black-Necked Crane
Jharkhand – Elephant and Koel
Indian Elephant is listed as endangered and threatened by habitat loss, degradation and fragmentation. Elephants are native to mainland India and classified as megaherbivores.
Karnataka – Indian Roller and Indian Elephant
Kerala – Indian Elephant and Great Hornbill
Maharashtra – Yellow footed Green Pigeon and Indian Giant Squirrel
Yellow footed green pigeon is the state bird of Maharashtra but Forest owlet may replace the state bird hariyal. This extremely rare bird, Forest Owlet found in Melghat region of Maharashtra.
Madhya Pradesh – Barasingha and Asian Paradise Flycatcher
Manipur – Sangai Deer and Hume pheasant
India is home to a large number of deer species,antelopes and wild goat. Sangai Deer is rare and endangered brow-antlered deer found only in Manipur.
Mizoram – Hoolock Gibbon and Hume Pheasant
Hoolock Gibbon is only species of Ape found in India and the second-largest of the gibbons. Western hoolock gibbon are found in small populations only few hundreds in northeast India.
Meghalaya – Clouded Leopard and Hill Myna
Clouded Leopard is one of the medium size wild cat found in the North East states of India and classified as Vulnerable because of habitat loss, deforestation and illegal trading.
Nagaland – Blyth’s Tragopan and Gayal
Gayal also known as mithun is the sometime mistken known as domesticated form of the gaur, gayal is the state animal of Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland.
Odisha – Sambhar and Indian Roller
Punjab – Blackbuck and Northern Goshawk
Black Buck is the an antelope native to the Indian subcontinent, fall in endangered species due to illegal hunting, heavy poaching and habitat loss. The famous Indian black buck antelope is one of the prettier antelope in India.
Sikkim – Blood Pheasant and Red Panda
Rajasthan – Great Indian Bustard and Chinkara
Telegana – Spotted Deer and Indian Roller
The new 29th state for the country, Telangana state has announced the following four icons as the new state symbols Indian Roller as state bird,State animal Deer, Jammi Chettu as state tree and Tangedu flower as state flower.
Tamil Nadu – Emerald Dove and Nilgiri Tahr
Tripura – Green Imperial Pigeon and Phayres Langur
India is home to large family of monkeys species distributed from evergreen Western Ghats to north east states. The Phayre’s Langur is the state animal of Tripura but species of lutung.
Uttarakhand – Musk Deer and Himalayan Monal
Uttar Pradesh – Sarus Crane and Barasingha
West Bengal – Fishing Cat and White Breasted Kingfisher
Fishing cat is a medium-sized wild cat of mangrove swamps,primarily found in the Himalayan foothills, The finish cat is one of the known species of small wild cat found in India.